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Gas solution example with solute and solvent

Solved: Examples Of Solutions That Exist Where: Both Solut

A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two substances: a solute and a solvent. Solute: substance being dissolved; present in lesser amount. Solvent: substance doing the dissolving; present in larger amount. Solutes and solvents may be of any form of matter: solid, liquid or gas. Some Examples of Solutions Type Example Solute Solvent Gas in gas. Air is an example of a gas-gas solution, or a solution in which a gaseous solute is dissolved in a gaseous solvent. Air is comprised of multiple gases.About 78 percent of air is nitrogen, so this element is classified as the solvent. The largest solute in air is oxygen, at 20 percent Download File PDF Solution Solvent Solute Example Solution Solvent Solute Example Recognizing the mannerism ways to get this books solution solvent solute example is additionally useful. You have remained in right site to begin getting this info. get the solution solvent solute example join that we have the funds for here and check out the link Table 13.1. 1 lists some common examples of gaseous, liquid, and solid solutions and identifies the physical states of the solute and solvent in each. The formation of a solution from a solute and a solvent is a physical process, not a chemical one. That is, both solute and solvent can be recovered in chemically unchanged forms using. SOLVENT- the less active dissolving medium in a solution (solid, liquid, gas) and. has the greater amount. SOLUTE- the more active material (solid, liquid gas) that has dissolved in a solution. and has a smaller amount. Example: The price of a solution of 100mL gasoline and 50mL kerosene has. increased in 5%

What are the some example of a solution, solvent, and solute

  1. Gas solutions. 1. Air - is a solution of gases that include nitrogen, oxygen, argon & carbon dioxide. There is also water vapour and tiny amounts of other gases. All of these gases are pure substances that are mixed to make a solution. 2
  2. Gas-Gas Solutions Our air is a homogeneous mixture of many different gases and therefore qualifies as a solution. Approximately 78% of the atmosphere is nitrogen, making it the solvent for this solution
  3. ed the primary characteristics of a solution, how water is able to dissolve solid solutes, and we differentiated between a solution, a suspension, and a colloid. There are many examples of solutions that do not involve water at.
  4. Solute is the one which is in less quantity and solvent is in more amount in the solution . For example common salt in water is a binary solution. Answer and Explanation:
  5. The solvent is the material that usually decides the solution's physical state (solid, liquid or gas). The solute is the product that the solvent dissolves. A solution of salt and water, for example, has water as the solvent and salt as the solute. What is Solution explained with an example
  6. Camphor in air or iodine in a air are the example of solid in a gas here iodine or camphor as solute and air is a solvent. Liquid in gas solution: Cloud fog, mist etc. Are example of liquid in gas solution here water drop liquid solute disperse in air (solvent)

List examples of different types of solutes and solvents

This is a substance that dissolves in a solvent to form a solution. It can be solid, liquid or gas. Examples include common salt, sugar, copper (II) tetraoxosulphate (VI) etc. Solvent This is a substance that dissolves a solute to form a solution. It can be liquid or gas. Examples are water, ethanol, benzene etc. Solution This is a mixture of. As long as the solute and solvent combine to give a homogeneous solution, the solute is said to be soluble in the solvent. Table 13.2. 1 lists some common examples of gaseous, liquid, and solid solutions and identifies the physical states of the solute and solvent in each There are numerous examples of solutions. For example milk (solvent) and sugar (solute) makes sweet milk. Air is made up of gases (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc.). Alloys are made up of... What are the some example of a solution, solvent, and Aqueous solutions are solutions where the solvent is water. Aqueous essentially mean

In this animated lecture, I will teach you about solution, solvent, solute, definition of solution, definition of solvent, definition of solute, examples of. The solvent is the substance which typically determines the physical state of the solution (solid, liquid or gas). The solute is the substance which is dissolved by the solvent. For example, in a solution of salt and water, water is the solvent and salt is the solute Yes, solvents can be in gaseous form. Air itself is an example of a gas-gas solution, where other gases are dissolved in nitrogen. But liquids and solids can not be dissolved in gas to form a true solution, instead they form colloids Solutions class-4 Solute, Solvent, Solution How to Calculate Mass Percent of Solute and Solvent of Solution Examples and Practice Problems Solution 2017 solute and solvent Solute solvent and solution another liquid, solid or gas is called as the solvent. A solution can be defined as the homogenous mixture of two or more substances

A solution is composed of a solute being dissolved in a solvent.If you make Kool Aid. The speed of the this diffusion is dependent upon the energy of the solvent and the size of the particles of the solute.Higher temperatures in the solvent will increase the rate of diffusion There are numerous examples of solutions. For example milk (solvent) and sugar (solute) makes sweet milk. Air is made up of gases (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc.). Alloys are made up of... What are the some example of a solution, solvent, and Aqueous solutions are solutions where the solvent is water. Aqueous essentially means. A solution is defined as a homogeneous mixture containing a solute and a solvent. Homogeneous solutions are formed when both the solute and solvent are in the gas phase (liquid in gas and solid in gas combinations form colloidal dispersions); when a solvent in the liquid phase is combined with either a solid, liquid or gas solute; or when a.

Solutions: Solute + Solvent • Solute: the dissolved substance. 9Example: Sugar and CO 2 gas in Soda 9seems to disappear 9takes on the state of the solvent • Solvent: the substance solute dissolves in. 9Example: Water in Soda 9does not appear to change state • Aqueous solutions: solutions in which the solvent is water Examples of solutions that exist where: Both solute and solvent are gases. The solute is a gas, and the solvent is a liquid. Both solute and solvent are liquids. The solute is an ionic solid, and the solvent is a liquid. The solute is a non-ionic solid, and the solvent is a liquid. Both solute and solvent are solids

Solute and Solvent Chemistry for Non-Major

What Is an Example of a Gas-Gas Solution

  1. Solubility of a solid solute in a liquid solvent increases with increase in temperature. Justify this statement. asked Oct 16, 2020 in Solutions by Manish01 ( 47.5k points
  2. Solute vs Solvent: Solvent and Solute are parts of a solution. A matter that is dissolved in any solution or a mixture is known as solute. While on the other hand, a gas or liquid that dissolves another matter is called solvent. These two terms are most commonly used in our daily life. Sometimes we get confused between them
  3. Inhomogeneous mixtures, when the mixture is in a solid-state, then it is referred to as solid solutions when the mixture is in liquid- to liquid, gaseous solutions are called gas mixtures. In liquid solutions, there are two components, namely solvent, and solute. The solvent is a liquid, and the solute may be gas, liquid or solid
  4. solvent. The solute is the substance that dissolves. The solvent is the dissolving medium. When looking at a solution it is impossible to distinguish the solute from the solvent. A solution can exist as a solid, liquid or gas depending on the state of the solvent. Types of Solutions and Examples Type of Solution Example Solvent Solute GAS
  5. 2 Solutes and Solution ν There must be a reason why a substance is soluble in a solvent: ν either the solution process lowers the overall enthalpy of the system ( H rxn < 0) ν Or the solution process increases the overall entropy of the system ( S rxn > 0) ν Entropy is a measure of the amount of disorder in a system—entropy mus
  6. solute - The solute (or solutes) in a solution are the substances (like salt or sugar) that dissolve in the solvent. There is less solute than solvent. Consider vinegar as an example. For vinegar, the solvent is water and the solute is acetic acid. Look at the label on a bottle of vinegar in your cupboard or the next time you go to the grocery.
  7. -gas in a liquid solution (gas is the solute, liquid is the solvent). Carbon dioxide dissolved in soda -Other types of solutions include liquid in liquid solutions (example: ethanol dissolved in water), gas in gas solutions (example is air which includes oxygen dissolved in nitrogen) and solid in solid solutions (example are alloys such as.

Example of gas phase solutions; air, liquid phase solutions; salt+water mixtures, solid phase solutions; Zn-Cu alloy. Solutions has two components, solute and solvent. Solvent is the medium in which matter is dissolved and solute is the matter that dissolves in solvent In scientific terms, a solution is a homogenous mixture of one or more solutes dissolved in a solvent. The solute is the substance that is being dissolved, while the solvent is the dissolving medium. A solute can be a gas, a liquid, or a solid. Solvents can also be gases, liquids, or solids

If the solvent is liquid then all the three forms of matter, solid, liquid, and gas can be dissolved as a solute in it. Some solute and solvent examples are given below. Gas in liquid. Oxygen in water. Carbon dioxide in water. Liquid in liquid. Alcoholic drinks are simply water-based ethanol solutions (where ethanol is a solute and water is a. A solvent is the substance that does the dissolving - it dissolves the solute. In salt solution, water is the solvent. During dissolving, particles of solvent collide with particles of solute.

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IMF between solute and solvent are formed once the solution mixes (for ionic solid dissolved in water - ion-dipole forces are formed) Forming IMF gives off heat so D H is negative = exothermic; The total heat of solution (D H soln) is the sum of the three above. D H soln = D H solute + D H solvent + D H solute-solvent Solution Solvent Solute ExampleSolution Solvent Solute Example Right here, we have countless books solution solvent solute example and collections to check out. We additionally have the funds for variant types and afterward type of the books to browse. The all right book, fiction, history, novel, scientific research, as skillfully as variou

16.1: Solute-Solvent Combinations - Chemistry LibreText

Broadly defined, a solution may be any combination of solids, liquids, and/or gases. We will restrict our definition of pharmaceutical solutions to those composed of a solid, liquid, or gas dissolved in a liquid solvent. The assignment of the terms solute and solvent is sometimes arbitrary. Generally, the solute is the component present in the. of solution pure solvent solution semi-permeable membrane Colligative Properties Osmotic Pressure ! The osmotic pressure is given by: Π = c R T i pure where c = molar concentration R = gas constant T = temperature (in K) i = solute particles per unit formula solvent solution semi-permeable membrane Colligative Properties Osmotic Pressur There are numerous examples of solutions. For example milk (solvent) and sugar (solute) makes sweet milk. Beside above, what is the definition of solute and solvent? A solvent is a liquid that dissolves a solid, liquid or gaseous solute. A solute is a substance dissolved in another substance. A solute and a solvent make up a solution. Water is. The nature of solute and solvent will determine the solubility. gas/gas. solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as: Molality (m) = Moles of solute Mass of solvent in kg (2.9) For example, 1.00 mol kg-1 (or 1.00 m) solution of KCl means that 1 mol (74.5 g) of KCl is dissolved in 1 kg of water Solutions come in all phases, and the solvent and the solute do not have to be in the same phase to form a solution (such as salt and water). For example, air is a gaseous solution of about 80% nitrogen and about 20% oxygen, with some other gases present in much smaller amounts

Gas - solid: A gas solute in a solid solvent. An example is hydrogen (solute) dissolved in palladium (solvent). What is a Solution in Science? - Definition & Examples A solution is defined as a homogenous mixture which mainly comprises of two components namely solute and solvent. For example, salt and sugar is a good illustration of a solution As a homogeneous mixture, a solution has one phase (solid, liquid, or gas), although the phase of the solute and solvent may initially have been different (e.g., salt water). Gases. Air can be more specifically described as a gaseous solution (oxygen and other gases dissolved in the major component, nitrogen) CONCENTRATION OF SOLUTION DAY 1: Define solution, solute and solvent. Identify the types of solution based from the given situation. TOPIC: TYPES OF SOLUTIONS The term solution is used in chemistry to describe a system in which one or more substances are homogeneously mixed or dissolved in another substance. A solution has two components, a solute and a solvent Answer to 1. Give definitions and examples: Solvent: Solute: Solvent - Solvent is a part or component of a solution which is present in larger quantity that dissolves other substances into it that we called solutes.Solvents are generally liquid in state but it can be solid or gas also

A solvent can be an organic or inorganic liquid, gas or solid that dissolves a solute, or minor component, in a solution. It is proportionally greater in amount than the solute. They simply serve as the reaction medium to enable chemical reactions to occur more rapidly Solute, Solvent, \u0026 Solution - Solubility ChemistryChemistry - Solutions (2 of 53) Six Types of Solutions Solutions, Suspensions, and Colloids 2 Examples Of Solutions Examples of household solutions would include the following: coffee or tea sweet tea or coffee (sugar added to solution) any juice saltwater bleach (sodiu A solution is a homogeneous type of mixture of two or more substances. A solution has two parts: a solute and a solvent. The solute is the substance that dissolves, and the solvent is the majority of the solution. Solutions can exist in different phases - solid, liquid, and gas What is a solution? A solution is a homogeneous mixture of solutes, dissolved in a solvent. A homogeneous solution is a mixture of two or more components that have a uniform appearance and composition. Examples of solutions. Seawater (Solid in Liquid) Vinegar (Liquid in Liquid) Carbonated Drinks (Gas in Liquid) Air (Gas in Gas) What is a solute

Liquid in solid solution example 12-chemistry-home Types of Solution In a solution, componets may be solid, liquid or gas. On this basis solutions can be divied into following three types - Gaseous solution Liquid solution Solid solution Gasesous Solution Solutions in which solvent is present is gasesous state are called Gasesous solution Give an example of a solution in which solute is a solid while solvent is a liquid. Give an example of a solid solution in which the solute is a gas. 20866650 . 5.1k+ 103.7k+ In and ideal solution, solute-solute as well as solvent-solvent interations are similar to solute-solvent interations. 32513021 . 3.1k+ 63.9k In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. In such a mixture, a solute is a substance dissolved in another substance, known as a solvent.The mixing process of a solution happens at a scale where the effects of chemical polarity are involved, resulting in interactions that are specific to solvation The solution in which the solvent is a gas is called a gaseous solution. In these solutions, the solute may be liquid, solid, or gas. For example, a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen gas is a gaseous solution. (ii) Liquid solution: The solution in which the solvent is a liquid is known as a liquid solution It is the number of moles of the solute dissolved per litre of the solution.It is represented as M. Thus, a solution which contains one gram mole of the solution dissolved per litre of the solution is regarded as one molar solution. For example: 1M Na 2 CO 3 (molar mass = 106) solution has 106 g of the solute present per litre of the solution

A common example of a solid solution would be salt water. The salt (usually sodium chloride) is the solute and the water is the solvent. A common example of gas solution would be soda water. If the solvent is a gas, Body fluids are examples for complex liquid For some solute-solvent combinations a supersaturated solution can be prepared One example of a gas solution is air, made of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, Yes, it is possible to have a solution with liquid solute and gas solvent. Ex

Types of solutions based on physical state of solute/solvent Solute Solvent Example Gas Gas Gas Liquid Liquid Liquid Solid Solid Solid Gas Liquid Solid Liquid Solid Gas Liquid Solid Gas Air Soda water H 2 in Pd metal H 2 O in C 2 H 5 OH of solute is added to the unsaturated solution, that solute is dissolved Common Types of Solution Solution Phase Solute Phase Solvent Phase Example Gaseous solutions gas gas air (mostly N 2 & O 2) Liquid solutions gas liquid solid liquid liquid liquid soda (CO 2 in H 2 O) vodka (C 2 H 5 OH in H 2 O) seawater (NaCl in H 2 O) Solid solutions solid solid brass (Zn in Cu) •Alloys: solutions that contain Metal solutes.

What is a gas-gas solution? What are some examples? - Quor

Example of solution solvent and solute

Example 5.2-1. 5----- A solute A is to be recovered from an inert carrier gas B by absorption into a solvent. The gas entering into the absorber flows at a rate of 500 kmol/h with yA = 0.3 and leaving the absorber with yA = 0.01 3. solvent-solute interaction Consider the solution process taking place in three distinct steps: 1. separation of solvent molecules 2. separation of solute molecules 3. mixing of solvent and solute molecules So why don't all liquids mix and all solids dissolve in liquids? - If solvent-solute interaction can't compete with solute-solute and. The solvent and solute in a solution exist in the single-phase forming solute-solvent complexes, also known as solvates. During the formation of a solution, multiple solvent particles surround the solute particle where heat energy is transferred from solvent to the solute, creating a more thermodynamically stable condition Identifying the solute and solvent. Identify the solute(s) and solvent in each solution. Underline the solute and circle the solvent. Remember: SOLUTE dissolves in a SOLVENT. Ocean Water: salt and water. Antifreeze: Water and ethylene glycol. Soda pop: syrup, water, and CO. 2 gasGold Jewelry: gold and copper. Air: Nitrogen, oxygen, other gase Solutions 4 MASTERS ACADEMY 1- Anasagar Circular Road, Opp. Chaupati, Ajmer. 0145-2633111 Moles of solute Mass of solvent ( .) m kg For example, 1.00 mol kg-1 (or 1.00 m) solution of KCl means that 1 mol (74.5 g) of KCl i

13.1: Types of Solutions - Some Terminology - Chemistry ..

Solution, solute and solvent - Group i Chemistry(iii-escuro

These solutions are composed of a solute dissolved in a solvent. A solvent is the component of a solution that is present in a greater amount than solute, and hence, determines the phase of the solution. Oftentimes, a solvent is a liquid; however, it can be a gas, solid, or supercritical fluid Solubility. A solution is a homogeneous mixture of a solute and a solvent.Solutions can be formed in any state of matter; that is they may be solid, liquid, or gas.A solution is prepared by dissolving a solute into the solvent.Solute is either the smaller component of a mixture or, when liquid solutions are considered, the gaseous or solid substance added to the solution • A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two substances: a solute and a solvent . • Solute : substance being dissolved; present in lesser amount. • Solvent : substance doing the dissolving; present in larger amount. • Solutes and solvents ma y be of any form of matter: solid, liquid or gas . Some Examples of Solutions Type Example.

Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions - Study Material forsolutions & suspensions-ali nasir

Gas & Solid Solution

Solution Solvent Solute - Definition and DifferenceMcKinsey Case Interview Example - Solved by ex-McKinsey Consultant The TRIAL BALANCE Explained (Full Example!) 6 Python Exercise Problems for Beginners - from CodingBat (Python Tutorial #14) Dilution Problems, Chemistry, Molarity \u0026 Concentration Examples, Formula \u0026 Equations How I. Solute, Solvent, \u0026 Solution - Solubility ChemistryChemistry - Solutions (2 of 53) Six Types of Solutions Solutions, Suspensions, and Colloids 2 Examples Of Solutions Examples of household solutions would include the following: coffee or tea sweet tea or coffee (sugar added to solution) an 1) Mass percentage : It is the amount of solute in grams present in 100 grams of the solution. mass percentage of solute = Mass of solute Mass of solute + Mass of solvent × 100. A 10 percent (W / W) solution of NaCl in water means that 10g of NaCl is present in 90 g of water so that total mass of solution is 100 g solvents, and solutions can be gases, liquids, or solids. For example, oxygen, a gas, is dissolved in seawater. The bubbles in carbonated drinks come from the release of carbon dioxide gas that was dissolved in the drink. In some solutions, both the solute and the solvent are in the same physical state. Vinegar, for example, is a solution of aceti The solute is the chemical that dissolves in a solvent to form a solution. (photo: Polina Tankilevitch) In chemistry, a solute is the substance dissolved in a solvent or the part of a chemical solution present in the smaller amount. Mixing a solute and a solvent resulting in dissolving the solute, which is also known as solvation

Solute-Solvent Combinations Chemistry for Non-Major

Answer. C. Solution. Solution of hydrogen in palladium is an example of solid solution in which solute is a gas. It is one of those rare examples in which solute is present in large volume as compared to solvent. Image Solution A solute is a substance that dissolves in a solution. It can either be a gas, solid or liquid. A solute is mostly a solid compound. The solute is normally a minor component of a solution and it is the reason why the concentration tends to be lower than that of solvent. Once the solute gets dissolved in the solution, the chemical and physical.

Solute-Solvent Combinations - CK12-Foundatio

The solvent in a solution is the substance that does the dissolving. The solute is the substance that is dissolved. In the sugar solution described above, the water is the solvent and the sugar is the solute. Although that definition is neat, it does not always make a lot of sense. For example, one can make a solution of two gases Below you can find links to futhrer examples of various types of solutions with a more detailed explanation. If the solute is gas then the solubility is affected by volume, pressure, and temperature.. Nature of solute and solvent - 7105298 andysmithnerva325 andysmithnerva325 18.11.2020 Science Senior High School Nature of solute and solvent 2 See answers The spark with time ignites more and.

Solutions of hydrogen in palladium may be formed by

The examples of solute refer to a substance that dissolves in another (solvent) and form a solution. Not all solutes are solids or solvents are liquids. In this sense, there are several possible combinations: gas in liquid, gas in solid, liquid in liquid, liquid in solid, solid in liquid or solid in solid Solute VS Solvent - Definition & Difference With Examples Both solvent and solute are parts of a solution. Solutions are mixtures of two or more substances, and the substance that dissolves into the solution is a solute. Meanwhile, the solute dissolves into a substance called the solvent. Solute Vs Solvent: What's The Difference? ¦ Science Trend answer choices. The substance that does the dissolving in a solution. The substance that is dissolved into the solution. The mixing of different substances. The process in which neutral molecules lose or gain electrons. Tags: Question 2. SURVEY. 120 seconds The solution is formed are examples. Hba solvent molecules in a certain mass or give examples in. Solvents and solvent is called a solution by chemical structure and pressure, give concentrated on. Successful diets are an example, which of both water given solute may form cations should not necessary for drawn figures

Industrial Application of Solvent Extraction Technique

Solute vs Solvent - Definition, Difference between Solute

Some examples of solutions are: Aerated drinks like soda water etc., are gas in liquid solutions. These contain carbon dioxide (gas) as solute and water (liquid) as solvent. A solution of sugar in water is solid in a liquid solution. In this solution, sugar is the solute and water is the solvent. Properties of a solution. A solution is a. An example of a solution in which the solute is not a solid and the solvent is not a liquid. will the vehicles get better fuel mileage with the alternate fuel? c. how much greenhouse gas does your fuel produce compared with current fuel sources? An example of a solution in which the solute is not a solid and the solvent is not a liquid. with are aqueous solutions, in which water is the solvent. So for example, in a solution of the sugar glucose (in water), glucose molecules are the solute and water molecules are the solvent. Beer, which is typically 2-4% ethanol, ethanol is the primary solute and water is the solvent. One overarching idea about solutions (once they are thoroughl A substance in which solute is dissolved and forms solution is a solvent. Generally solvent is a liquid but it can also be a solid, a gas, or a supercritical fluid. On the basis of polarity there are two types of solvents they are polar and non-polar. Polarity is the ability of a solvent to dissolve any solute

Solution - Class 9, Is Matter Around Us Pure, Chemistr

Solutions. are homogeneous mixtures of . solvents (the larger volume of the mixture) and . solutes (the smaller volume of the mixture). For example, a hot chocolate is a solution, in which the solute (the chocolate powder) is dissolved in the solvent (the milk or water). The solute and solvent can be either a solid, liquid or a gas Weight / Volume Percent: Measures the amount of solute in grams but measures the amount of solution in milliliters. An example would be a 5%(w/v) NaCl solution. It contains 5 g of NaCl for every 100. mL of solution. Molarity: 1. The number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of solution. 2. The units are moles of solute per liter of. The boiling point of the solute is higher than that of the solvent. It may be a solid, gas, or liquid and is always present in a lesser amount than the solvent. In an example of a solution that is the seawater, the salt is the solute and the sea is the solvent. In the same way, sugar is an example of solute in the sugar and water solution. Calculate Mass Percent of Solute and Solvent of Solution Examples and Practice Problems Solution 2017 solute and solvent Solute solvent and solution usually much more solvent than there is solute in a solution. Solutes can come in gas, liquid, or solid forms, and though solvents are Page 4/12

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Science Chapter 2 Is Matter

Solubility - Solute, Solvent, Solution - StopLearn

What are ten examples of solutions that you might find in Types of Solutions - Solid, Liquid, and Gas Solid - solid: A solid solute is mixed with a solid solvent. Examples are brass, which is composed of zinc and copper,... Gas - solid: A gas solute in a solid solvent. An example is hydrogen (solute) dissolved in palladium (solvent) Question 3. To make a saturated solution, 36 g of sodium chloride is dissolved in 100 g of water at 293 K. Find its concentration at this temperature. Answer: Mass of solute (sodium chloride) = 36 g. Mass of solvent (water) = 100 g. Mass of solution = Mass of solute + Mass of solvent. = 36 g + 100 g = 136 g. Class 9 Science NCERT Textbook Page 24 Solutions in which the solvent is a liquid and the solute is a gas, liquid, or solid are very common. The atmosphere is a good example of a solution in which a gaseous solvent (nitrogen) dissolves other gases (such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and neon)